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Science and exploration in the high interior of East Antarctica in the twentieth century

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【作者】 Irina GanDavid DrewryIan AllisonVladimir Kotlyakov

【Author】 Irina Gan;David Drewry;Ian Allison;Vladimir Kotlyakov;Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre;University of Hull;Institute of Geography,Russian Academy of Sciences;

【机构】 Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research CentreUniversity of HullInstitute of Geography,Russian Academy of Sciences

【摘要】 The highest part of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet,more than 4000 m above sea level,has been an area that has seen a considerable scientific research effort undertaken by the Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition,and its international collaborators,since January 2005.That includes the establishment of the most remote of the Chinese Antarctic stations,Kunlun,at Dome A in 2009.However,the exploration and mapping of this region had been commenced many decades earlier,most notably by inland traverses of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the 1957-1958 International Geophysical Year(IGY)and later;and the extensive surveys of Antarctic surface and sub-ice topography by airborne radio-echo sounding made by the US National Science Foundation-Scott Polar Research Institute-Technical University of Denmark(NSF-SPRI-TUD) in the late-1960 s and the 1970 s.Here we provide a history of the activities and achievements of these earlier programs.Recent topographic maps of the ice sheet surface in the Dome A region,produced using Chinese GPS data and satellite altimetry,have shown the maps compiled from the earlier data were remarkably accurate.

【所属期刊栏目】 Review_Thematic papers on "A Decade of Scientific Research at Dome A,Antarctica" (2016年02期)
  • 【DOI】10.13679/j.advps.2016.2.00065
  • 【分类号】P941.61
  • 【下载频次】5
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