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Chinese investigation and research in Southern Ocean physical oceanography and meteorology during the Chinese Polar Programs 2011–2015

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【作者】 GAO LibaoWEI ZexunGUO GuijunSHI Jiuxin

【Author】 GAO Libao;WEI Zexun;GUO Guijun;SHI Jiuxin;Center for Ocean and Climate Research, First Institute of Oceanography;College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean University of China;Key Lab of Marine Science and Numerical Modeling, First Institute of Oceanography;

【机构】 Center for Ocean and Climate Research, First Institute of OceanographyCollege of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean University of ChinaKey Lab of Marine Science and Numerical Modeling, First Institute of Oceanography

【摘要】 Within the context of developing a research presence in the Antarctic region, the first phase of the Chinese Polar Programs covered the period 2011–2015, which almost coincided with the 12 th Five-Year Plan(2011–2015). For the promotion of full understanding of the progress of Chinese expeditions and research in Antarctica, the observations and achievements of cruises during 2011–2015 are summarized in this paper. Four Antarctic cruises(28th–31st) were performed in the Prydz Bay and Antarctic Peninsula regions during the first phase of the Polar Programs. These cruises performed systemic collections of physical oceanographic and meteorological data to support further research on the ice–ocean–atmosphere interactions in Antarctica. Overall, 248 CTD/LADCP stations, 66 microstructure profiles, 507 XBT/XCTDs, 181 air sounding balloons, 58000 total gaseous mercury(TGM) concentrations, 452 aerosol samples, 294 atmospheric samples, 11 moorings, and 28 surface drifters were acquired or deployed during the four cruises. Using these extensive observations and other data, Chinese scientists have achieved new recognition in the fields of Southern Ocean physical oceanography and meteorology, as well as in other interdisciplinary subjects. These studies, which have been associated with scientific techniques, instrumentation, ocean circulation, water mass formation, energy transformation, and carbon uptake, have elucidated the dynamic mechanisms and potential effects of climate change in Antarctica. Finally, some observations based on experience gained during previous Chinese Antarctic Research and Expedition campaigns are summarized with advice for the improvement of future investigations in the Antarctic region.

【基金】 supported by the Chinese Polar Environment Comprehensive Investigation & Assessment Programs (Grant nos. CHINARE2017-01-01, CHINARE2017-04-01);the National Natural Science Fund of China (Grant nos. 41306206, U1406404);the Basic Scientific Fund for National Public Research Institutes of China (Grant no. 2015P06)
【所属期刊栏目】 Review (2016年04期)
  • 【DOI】10.13679/j.advps.2016.4.00209
  • 【分类号】P941.61
  • 【被引频次】1
  • 【下载频次】4
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