节点文献

Review of research on Arctic sea ice physics based on the Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition

免费订阅

【作者】 LEI RuiboZHANG ZhanhaiLI ZhijunYANG QinghuaLI BingruiLI Tao

【Author】 LEI Ruibo;ZHANG Zhanhai;LI Zhijun;YANG Qinghua;LI Bingrui;LI Tao;SOA Key Laboratory for Polar Science, Polar Research Institute of China;State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology;SOA Key Laboratory of Research on Marine Hazards Forecasting, National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center;College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean University of China;

【机构】 SOA Key Laboratory for Polar Science, Polar Research Institute of ChinaState Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of TechnologySOA Key Laboratory of Research on Marine Hazards Forecasting, National Marine Environmental Forecasting CenterCollege of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean University of China

【摘要】 China launched its Arctic research program and organized the first Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition(CHINARE-Arctic) in 1999. By 2016, six further expeditions had been conducted using the R/V Xuelong. The main region of the expeditions has focused on the Pacific sector of the Arctic Ocean for sea ice observations. The expeditions have used icebreaker, helicopter, boat, floe, and buoy platforms to perform these observations. Some new technologies have been developed, in particular, the underway auto-observing system for sea ice thickness using an electromagnetic instrument. The long-term measurement systems, e.g., the sea ice mass balance buoy, allow observations to extend from summer to winter. Some international cooperation projects have been involved in CHINARE-Arctic, especially the "Developing Arctic Modeling and Observing Capabilities for Long-Term Environmental Studies" project funded by the European Union during the International Polar Year. Arctic sea ice observations have been used to verify remote sensing products, identify changes in Arctic sea ice, optimize the parameterizations of sea ice physical processes, and assess the accessibility of ice-covered waters, especially around the Northeast Passage. Recommendations are provided as guidance to future CHINARE-Arctic projects. For example, a standardized operation system of sea ice observations should be contracted, and the observations of sea ice dynamics should be enhanced. The upcoming launch of a new Chinese icebreaker will allow increased ship time in support of future CHINARE Arctic oceanographic investigations.

【基金】 supported financially by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 41476170);National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant no. 2016YFC1400300);Chinese Polar Environment Comprehensive Investigation and Assessment Program (Grant nos. CHINARE03-01/04-02/04-04)
【所属期刊栏目】 Review (2017年02期)
  • 【DOI】10.13679/j.advps.2017.2.00100
  • 【分类号】P731.15;P941.62
  • 【下载频次】14
节点文献中: 

本文链接的文献网络图示:

浏览历史:
下载历史: