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Mechanisms associated with winter intraseasonal extreme sea ice extent in the Weddell Sea

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【作者】 Fabio Ullmann Furtado de LIMALeila M.V.CARVALHO

【Author】 Fabio Ullmann Furtado de LIMA;Leila M.V.CARVALHO;Centro de Ensino Superior da Foz do Itajaí—Univ. do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC);Dept.of Geography and Earth Research Institute, University of California Santa Barbara;

【机构】 Centro de Ensino Superior da Foz do Itajaí—Univ. do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC)Dept.of Geography and Earth Research Institute, University of California Santa Barbara

【摘要】 Previous studies have shown evidence of atmospheric extratropical wave trains modulating sea ice area in the Weddell and Amundsen/Bellingshausen seas on intraseasonal time-scales(20–100 d). Here we investigate mechanisms relating intraseasonal extreme sea ice extent and Ekman layer dynamics with emphasis on the Weddell Sea. This study extends from 1989 to 2013 and focuses on the winter season. Wind stress τ is calculated with winds from the Climate Forecast System reanalysis(CFSR) to evaluate momentum transfer between the atmosphere and the Ekman layer. Lag-composites of the anomalies of Ekman transport and the Ekman pumping indicate that divergence of mass in the Ekman layer and upwelling lead the occurrence of extreme sea ice contraction on intraseasonal time-scales in the Weddell Sea. Opposite conditions(i.e., convergence of the mass and downwelling) lead extreme sea ice expansion on intraseasonal time-scales. This study suggests that the Ekman pumping resulting from the anomalous wind stress on intraseasonal time-scales can transport these warmer waters to the surface contributing to sea ice melting. Additionally, high resolution sea ice fraction and ocean currents obtained from satellite and in situ data are used to investigate in detail mechanisms associated with persistent extreme sea ice expansion and contraction on intraseasonal time-scales. These case studies reveal that atmospheric circumpolar waves on intraseasonal time-scales can induce contrasting anomalies of about ±20% in sea ice concentration at the Weddell and western Antarctica Peninsula margins within less than 30 d. This study shows that extreme anomalies in sea ice may lag between 5–25 d(1–5 pentads) the ocean-atmospheric forcing on intraseasonal time-scales.

【基金】 funded by FAPESP-07/59757-2 (F.U.F. Lima)
【所属期刊栏目】 Articles (2017年03期)
  • 【DOI】10.13679/j.advps.2017.3.00171
  • 【分类号】P731.15
  • 【下载频次】3
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