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Phylogenetic,Demographic and Dating Analyses of Bufo gargarizans Populations from the Zhoushan Archipelago and Mainland China

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【作者】 Haojie TONGYubin WOPinghu LIAOYuanting JIN

【Author】 Haojie TONG;Yubin WO;Pinghu LIAO;Yuanting JIN;College of Life Sciences,China Jiliang University;

【机构】 College of Life Sciences,China Jiliang University

【摘要】 Relatively little is known about the relationship between Bufo gargarizans populations from Zhoushan Archipelago and nearby continental regions on the Pacific coast of eastern China.In this paper,155 new specimens of B.gargarizans from Zhoushan Archipelago and adjacent continents and 71 published specimens of B.gargarizans from mainland China were studied.Phylogeographical and dating analyses of B.gargarizans were performed using mitochondrial DNA sequencing with a length of 1436 bp.A mt DNA tree that indicated seven major clades was obtained.The earliest split in the mt DNA tree corresponding to the divergence of populations from the western highland region occurred approximately 4.0 million years ago(mya).A subsequent clade occurred about 3.4 mya,with cladogenesis continuing toward the end of the Pleistocene.The continental clades were distributed in the western,central and northeastern regions of China.Zhoushan Archipelago clades consisted of two largely geographically overlapping subclades with the mt DNA divergence time of 0.73 mya.These results indicated there was extensive dispersal after vicariance.The B.gargarizans populations on Zhoushan Archipelago most probably originated from populations in nearby eastern continental regions of China.It was concluded that geological uplifting during the Pliocene and several sea-level changes in Pleistocene might have influenced the divergence and population demographical history of this species.

【基金】 supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant Nos.41541002 and 31372183);Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province(Grant No.LY13C030002),China
【所属期刊栏目】 ORIGINAL ARTICLE (2017年03期)
  • 【DOI】10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.160069
  • 【分类号】Q953
  • 【下载频次】22
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