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Genetic Bottlenecks of the Wild Chinese Giant Salamander in Karst Caves

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【作者】 Jie WANGHongxing ZHANGFeng XIEGang WEIJianping JIANG

【Author】 Jie WANG;Hongxing ZHANG;Feng XIE;Gang WEI;Jianping JIANG;Chengdu Institute of Biology,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Shaanxi Institute of Zoology;Guiyang University;

【机构】 Chengdu Institute of Biology,Chinese Academy of SciencesShaanxi Institute of ZoologyGuiyang University

【摘要】 The rarity of limestone cave species due to habitat degradation makes them of special interest in conservation biology.The wild Chinese Giant Salamander Andrias davidianus,an evolutionarily distinct and globally endangered species,are nearly all obligate into living in inaccessible mountain caves now.We detected that only 14–29 breeders,with the effective population size of 9–25(5–44 of 95% confidence interval),were in each of three caves,through genotyping 20 microsatellite loci on larvae that were flushed out of caves.Both heterzygosity excess and M(ratios of allele number to allele size range) tests indicated severe genetic bottlenecks among populations.Both mitochondrial,with only one or two haplotypes of D-loop region(770–771bp) in each population,and nuclear genetic structure showed clear divergence between populations.Considering the long life history,small population size,and genetic differentiationof the Chinese Giant Salamander,putting an end to poaching and recovering the karst ecosystem instead of releasing may be the sole measures to save this severely threated species.

【基金】 supported by National Key Programme of Research and Development (Ministry of Science and Technology,2016YFC0503200);NSFC (31570391,31200411,31360144 );Science and Technology Department of Sichuan Province (2012JY0101);Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y3C3011100).
【所属期刊栏目】 ORIGINAL ARTICLE (2017年03期)
  • 【DOI】10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.170038
  • 【分类号】Q953
  • 【下载频次】13
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