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Population Size, Genetic Diversity and Molecular Evidence of a Recent Population Bottleneck in Hynobius chinensis, an Endangered Salamander Species

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【作者】 Eric Gilbert KAZITSAShichao WEIYunhai PUXingyan WULin SONGLei GAOFuyuan QIUYue GUOZhaoquan ZHUHua WU

【Author】 Eric Gilbert KAZITSA;Shichao WEI;Yunhai PU;Xingyan WU;Lin SONG;Lei GAO;Fuyuan QIU;Yue GUO;Zhaoquan ZHU;Hua WU;Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University;Wildlife Conservation Station of Hubei Province;

【通讯作者】 Hua WU;

【机构】 Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal UniversityWildlife Conservation Station of Hubei Province

【摘要】 Severe population declines can reduce species to small populations, offering permissive conditions for deleterious processes. For example, following such events, species can become prone to inbreeding and genetic drift which can lead to a loss of genetic diversity and evolutionary potentials. Hynobius chinensis is a poorly studied very rare and declining endangered amphibian species endemic to China in Changyang County. We investigated adult census population size by monitoring breeding populations from 2015 to 2018, developed microsatellite markers from the transcriptome and used them to investigate genetic diversity, and a population bottleneck in this species. We found H. chinensis in 4 different localities in a total area of 2.18 km2 and estimated the overall adult census population size at 386–404 individuals. The adult census size(mean ± SE) per breeding pond ranged from 44 ± 6 to 141 ± 8 individuals and appeared smaller than that reported in closely related species in undisturbed habitats. We developed and characterized 13 microsatellite markers in total. Analysis of data at 7 loci(N = 118) in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium gathered from the largest population showed that genetic diversity level was low. The average number of alleles per locus was 2.14. The observed and expected heterozygosities averaged 0.38 and 0.40, respectively. The inbreeding coefficient was –0.06. All tests performed to investigate a population bottleneck, i.e. The Garza-Williamson test, Heterozygosity excess test, Mode shift test of allele frequency, and effective population size estimates detected a population bottleneck. The contemporary and the historical effective population sizes were estimated at 36 and 234 individuals, respectively. We argue that as bottleneck effects, the studied population may have become prone to genetic drift and inbreeding, losing microsatellite alleles and heterozygosity. Our results suggest that populations of H. chinensismay have been extirpated in the study area.

【基金】 financially supported by the Chinese National Science and Technology Basic Work Program (No. 2014FY110100);the State Forestry Administration of China
【所属期刊栏目】 ORIGINAL ARTICLE (2018年03期)
  • 【DOI】10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.180027
  • 【分类号】Q958;Q953
  • 【下载频次】2
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