摘要：Prevailing theories of urban transformation see agglomeration economies and competitive advantages as the key to sustaining efficient urban economic growth. This study argues that, in an emerging economy and populous nation such as China with intensified competition for land as the precious resource for both basic living and original capital accumulation, efficient and sustainable utilization of land has played a role instrumental to regional development. A conceptual triad consisting of state power reshuffling, land development, and local public finance is introduced to shed light over uneven economic growth in China’s leading metropolitan regions, namely Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. The research traces the rescaling of state power since the 1980s, analyzes how commodification of land has been used to contest with the neoliberalization of state power and generate local revenue, and evaluates the effects of city-centered land development on urban growth, regional inequality, and social volatility. For China, sustaining regional future will depend upon how the dwindling and precious land resource is developed in an economically efficient, socially equitable, and environmentally sustainable fashion. Theorization of uneven regional development needs to go beyond the EuroAmerican canon and take seriously alternative practices and struggles of the men and women in the global South.