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Contribution of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining to Sustainable Territorial Development through Strengthening Capabilities of Mining Communities

Gustavo A.Aristizábal-HOscar J.Restrepo-BJ.Alejandro Delgado-J

Materials and Minerals Department,School of Mines,Universidad Nacional de Colombia

摘要:In Antioquia region of Colombia – South America most of extractive activity is developed as artisanal and smallscale level,exploiting different types of minerals resources but predominantly gold.This is not only an ancestral livelihood of hundreds of families in this region,but also their unique way of subsistence.However,that situation has not had a positive effect in the sustainable development of this territory because of several unsustainability factors mainly related to mercury use for gold extraction,the incorrect management of tailings and the informal way in which miners perform their activity.In 2010 Antioquia was the place with the highest contamination by mercury in the world with serious effects in ecosystems and health of habitants of this region(Veiga 2010) This paper presents a Socio-Technical Model focused on strengthening capabilities and social capital of artisanal and small-scale miners and its surrounding communities in Antioquia region.This is based on processes of evaluation,design and implementation of appropriate technologies to obtain "clean minerals" without using mercury and with a right management of tailings.In gold extraction it is about gravitational methods of concentration,which take advantage of high density of this element.These methods not only are cleaner but more profitable for miners.Notwithstanding its technical origins,the current model proposes a holistic framework that manages the elimination of mercury in mining not only as a technology transfer matter.Thus,more than formalization the strengthening process seeks to promote a business vision in miners and to develop productive chains in surrounding communities,this means to improve the skills of artisanal and small-scale miners to organize in a corporative way and to help surrounding communities to provide support and supply services to mining and even to other companies.Besides,the articulation with local institutions drives to reinforce their functions of control and accompaniment.In shorthand,this effort aims to empower local institutions,miners and surrounding communities in such a way they are able to face together their own development challenges in a sustainable way.
会议名称:

The 8th International Conference on Sustainable Development in the Minerals Industry (SDIMI 2017)

会议时间:

2017-06-26

会议地点:

中国北京

  • 专辑:

    工程科技Ⅰ辑; 经济与管理科学

  • 专题:

    矿业工程; 工业经济

  • 分类号:

    F416.1

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