Social Dimension of the Successful Development of Mining Projects–a Focus on Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining
Nicole SmithJuan LucenaJessica SmithOscar Jaime Restrepo BaenaGustavo AristizabalAlejANDro Delgado
摘要：In Colombia, Peru, and other Latin American countries, different scales of mining activity usually develop in areas with high social, economic and environmental complexity. Artisanal and small-scale mining（ASM） is one mining sector that continues to grow and pose both opportunities and challenges for governments, industry, communities, and academics. While the analysis of economic and environmental aspects of ASM has well-developed technical, scientific, and normative tools, the social dimensions tend to generate great uncertainty. The models and instruments for the study and management of ASM activities and its social components must address – at the earliest stage of development – the diverse expectations, groups, and complicated interactions between the various actors involved in these systems. Based on the dynamics and socioeconomic diversity of the mining-sustainable development relationship, an approach has been proposed that addresses the contributions that ASM can make to benefit territories and rural communities. However, current in-country situations present major challenges, which hinder already complex scenarios. Thus, efforts should be directed at building trust to strengthen a multi sector dialogue where various actors converge including: institutions（local, regional and national）, communities, associations, companies and academia, especially with the purpose of finding inclusive solutions in which all stakeholder needs are identified and addressed. Understanding the conditions that may contribute to the development of more effective relationships and the achievement of results in accordance with the contexts in which mining development takes place is an issue of vital importance. The School of Mines of Universidad Nacional de Colombia, through the Institute of Minerals –CIMEX, wants to contribute to these discussions and initiatives. For this reason, we advance the project "Implementation of sustainable technologies for the recovery of environmental liabilities and the elimination of mercury use in mining artisanal gold in the municipality of Andes-Antioquia," which was presented in the framework of the National Call for Solidarity Extension-2016 Universidad Nacional（NU） of Colombia: Social innovation for peace. Also, the Colorado School of Mines received a grant from the National Science Foundation（NSF） of the United States through the program Partnerships in International Research and Education（PIRE） for the project "Sustainable Communities and Gold Supply Chains: Integrating responsible engineering and local knowledge to the design, implementation and evaluation of solutions for artisanal mining in Latin America."
The 29th SOMP Annual Meeting and Conference on Mines of the Future （SOMP 2018）