Socio-Economic Characteristics and Poverty among Small-Scale Farmers in Apa Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria
Joseph C.Umeh1Joseph C.Ogah1Chris Ogbanje2
1. Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agriculture2. Department of Agribusiness, University of Agriculture
摘要：The effect of socio-economic characteristics on small scale farmers in Apa Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria was examined. Respondents （120） were selected based on multi-stage sampling procedure, and structured questionnaire was used to generate appropriate data. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyze data. The respondents were predominantly male （79.80%） between 41 – 50 years and with more than twenty years farming experience. About 45% of them have households comprising 6-10 people and implies large family size. About 48.70% of them had only primary school education and 65.80% have dependents of between 1- 5 people. A large proportion （44.50%） of respondents does not have off-farm income, and majority （62.20%） was poor. Logistic regression results showed that age （0.336） and farm size （0.415） significantly and positively affect poverty status of respondents. Years spent in formal school （-2.138） and farming experience （-0.349） were also significant. Most （62.20%） of the farmers live on less than one US dollar per day. Human capital development and training opportunity if provided will not only enhance the acquisition of more human capital, but also more income that will combat poverty.
2013 International Conference on Food and Agricultural Sciences（ICFAS 2013）