文献知网节

Types and Characteristics of Children’s Play Behavior in Outdoor Environment of Residential Areas

Zheng HaifanLi BinLi Hua

Tongji University

摘要:Taking 90 children playing outdoors in three residential areas of Shanghai as the research subject,this study aims to clarify types and characteristics of children’s play behavior by observation.The study found that:1) Based on the actual activities of the children,the time ratio of three types of behavior is transformed into 3-axis diagram.And the three types of behavior further categorized into five types,namely,active moving type,stay & focus type,rest & watch type,play experiencing type and balanced type.Play behavior content and behavior composition varies with the change of the site environment.2) According to time ratio of children’s activities in natural space,play space and open space are categorized to four play area types by 3-axis diagram,namely,natural centric type,open space centric type,play equipment centric type and balanced type.As the space composition of the area will affect children’s play behavior and play area type.Natural space can generate diverse types.When there are various kinds of space in the area,children’s behavior composition and spatial choice are balanced.The limitation of the area makes children’s behavior and spatial area become monotonous and concentrated.Due to the lack of targeted design,children on site T explore for themselves the suitable places and methods in the area.In terms of play area,the rich elements provided by the natural space can meet the needs of different kinds of children,whereas such spaces as seats,squares,pavilions,etc.,became the play areas for those children who have to stay in the sight of parents,and also generated diversified types of behavior.3) Using K-prototype cluster analysis method to divide children’s social group into group unit type,selective socializing type,group formation type,extensive socializing type,and varies with the personality,objective of the play and level of language of the children.Among them,total play time and group play time of extensive socializing type tend to be very long,and number of contacted children in this group contacted as well as person time of group play are also the most.Group unit and group formation type has little difference in terms of total play time and group play time,second only to extensive socializing type.However,group unit type contacted fewer than did group formation type,showing that the former tends to play with certain children during the play,while the latter maintains a certain degree of activity in the play and interacts with more children,although their relationship is not as close as the group unit type.The largest proportion is selective socializing type.This kind of children play the shortest total time,and group play time is therefore less than the other groups of children.Meanwhile,number of contacted children is slightly more than group unit type,but group play time is remarkably less than that of other categories.It is very important to create environment in which children can play freely.Based on the perspective o
会议名称:

丝路起点的新思路:为人的城乡:第十四届环境行为研究国际会议

会议时间:

2020-10-17

会议地点:

中国陕西西安

  • 专辑:

    工程科技Ⅱ辑

  • 专题:

    建筑科学与工程

  • DOI:

    10.26914/c.cnkihy.2020.018194

  • 分类号:

    TU984.12

  • 手机阅读
    即刻使用手机阅读
    第一步

    扫描二维码下载

    "移动知网-全球学术快报"客户端

    第二步

    打开“全球学术快报”

    点击首页左上角的扫描图标

    第三步

    扫描二维码

    手机同步阅读本篇文献

  • CAJ下载
  • PDF下载

下载手机APP用APP扫此码同步阅读该篇文章

温馨提示:阅读CAJ格式原文,请使用CAJ浏览器

下载:13 页码:1573-1579 页数:7 大小:485k

引文网络
  • 参考文献
  • 引证文献
  • 共引文献
  • 同被引文献
  • 二级参考文献
  • 二级引证文献
  • 批量下载
相关推荐
  • 相似文献
  • 读者推荐
  • 相关基金文献
  • 相关法规
  • 关联作者
  • 相关视频