Participatory approach of establishing /consolidating forest corridors:A case study of the （ongoing ’LORRIS’） participatory analogue forest corridor in the Wet Zone of Sri Lanka.
Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka Department of Zoology,University of Colombo,Colombo 3,Sri LankaField Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka Department of Zoology,University of Colombo,Colombo 3,Sri LankaField Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka Department of Zoology,University of Colombo,Colombo 3,Sri LankaLand Owners Restore Rainforest In Sri Lanka Bangamukanda Estate,Pitigala,Galle.Department of Animal Science.University of Ruhuna.Kamburupitiya.Sri Lanka.
摘要：＜正＞Sinharajah forest,Mt.Heycock forest and Kanneliya forest are unique for the highest value of endemic flora and fauna in Sri Lanka.However these three forests are now fragmented due to human activities. Between these three protected forest islands are five small patches of disturbed forests.The maximum gaps between these forest patches and the protected forests are less than 2km and these gaps are covered by cultivation lands,home gardens,state forest plantations and illegal encroachments of stream reservations. The potential to establish/consolidate these agricultural lands and forest patches into analogue forest corridors is the primary objective of this participatory approach.Large scale clearing of natural forest for tea,rubber and cinnamon plantation is the main reason for forest fragmentation.In addition illegal logging and over exploitation of natural resources has made enormous threats to nature and humans,such as loss of biodiversity,heavy erosion,landslides,flash floods,land degradation and finally increasing poverty.To overcome these types of problems in the area,the NGO:Land Owners Restore Rainforests In Sri Lanka （LORRIS） was started to create analogue forest corridors in between these three forest patches with the local land owner participation.The LORRIS is a voluntary Organization and the members are local landowners,farmers,local and international biologists.Analogue Forestry is a silvicultural technique that seeks to establish a tree-dominated ecosystem analogous in architectural structure and ecological function to the original climax or sub-climax vegetation community.The analogue forest establishment programme began in January 2002 and is continuing up to date.Various interventions have been tried to address these issues in a holistic and integrated way. These include the mobilization of local communities to form community based organizations in the each administration division, handing over management and implementing responsibilities to local community. Through CBO’s conducted educational awareness program’s in the project locality,encouraging local farmers to change to sustainable community based timber cultivation,lesser known edible fruits,spices and medicinal plants,paying them for the environment services provided and enhancing their income through ecology based research and tourist activities.The impacts of the interventions have been the reduction of forest encroachment,illegal logging and over exploitation of none timber forest products.In addition farmers are changing from mono crop cultivation to crop diversification.This paper examines the issues,strategies and achievements in a participatory conservation approach covering 1500 acre’s of private and state lands in the low land Wet Zone of Sri Lanka.Twelve CBO’s in collaboration with LORRIS is undertaking this pioneer project.