Phytosanitary irradiation: Expanding global trade opportunities
Maria Emilia Bustos Griffin
Senior Research Scholar,NCSU-CIPM
摘要：All countries use phytosanitary measures to manage the risk of pest introduction associated with trade in plant products. Risk management strategies can range from very strong measures such as prohibition to less restrictive measures such as inspection. One key strategy is treatment. The availability of effective, practical treatments greatly increases the potential for expanding commercial trade in plant products while also reducing the spread of harmful pests. Phytosanitary Irradiation is a technology that has a long history of research supporting its efficacy for many plant pests. The technology has been endorsed by the international organizations that are involved with the safety and security of food. In 2003, the International Plant Protection Convention adopted Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure. The United States and Mexico have rapidly expanded the use of irradiation in phytosanitary programs. Since 2004, Australia and New Zealand have also been increasing trade in irradiated commodities. There are now 12 countries that use irradiation at some level for trade in fresh products: five from Asia, fourth from the Americas, and South Africa. Although the proportion of countries using irradiation as a phytosanitary measures is still small, it is growing quickly and represents one of the most important areas of future expansion in pest risk management. This paper analyzes the key parameters for understanding the future of this technology, including technical, economic, regulatory, financial and consumer-related factors that affect the feasibility of successful implementation in different countries.
Building Capacity to Manage Biological Invasions and Facilitate Trade--The Third International Congress on Biological Invasions（ICBI 2017）