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Effects of Different Harvest Periods on Seed Quality of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq.

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【作者】 Hanting CHENGJingkun LIUTingliang YANQiaoyan ZHANGJinchuang WANG

【Author】 Hanting CHENG;Jingkun LIU;Tingliang YAN;Qiaoyan ZHANG;Jinchuang WANG;Environment and Plant Protection Institute,Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences/Danzhou Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of AgroEnvironment,Ministry of Agriculture;

【机构】 Environment and Plant Protection Institute,Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences/Danzhou Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of AgroEnvironment,Ministry of Agriculture

【摘要】 [Objectives] To clarify the appropriate harvest period of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. seed and improve the quality of seeds. [Methods] In this experiment,the basic parameters and germination characteristics of A. oxyphylla Miq. seeds during different harvest periods were analyzed and compared. [Results] The results showed that the A. oxyphylla Miq. fruit picking period was closely related to the seed quality,and the seed maturity was highest 100 d after the flowering of A. oxyphylla Miq.,that is,the A. oxyphylla Miq. fruit skin turned from green to yellow( yellow-green),the peel had a small number of brown spots,it was spicy enough,the fruit dry/fresh weight ratio was greater than0. 34,the seed thousand kernel weight reached 11 g or more,and the dried seed moisture content was 13. 01%. Using the TTC method,the seed viability index was determined to be 85%,and in this case,it was the best time of harvesting seed. The water permeability of A. oxyphylla Miq. seed was poor,and the seed imbibition and water absorption time was long,about 72 h. The maximum water absorption rate was about23. 71% at the imbibition and water absorption stage,and it was inferred that the A. oxyphylla Miq. seeds were hard seeds. The germination time of A. oxyphylla Miq. seeds was long,the mature A. oxyphylla Miq. seeds began to germinate on the 12 th d,and the germination rate reached 75. 56% on the 50 th d. [Conclusions] This study determined the optimum harvest period of A. oxyphylla Miq. seeds,clarified the biological characteristics of slow seed water absorption and long germination cycle,and concluded that the seed coat was the main factor leading to slow seed water absorption and long seed germination cycle.

【基金】 Supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for Environment and Plant Protection Institute,Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences(1630042017029;1630042017008)
【所属期刊栏目】 Germplasm Resources and Cultivation (2018年02期)
  • 【DOI】10.19600/j.cnki.issn2152-3924.2018.02.013
  • 【分类号】S567.239
  • 【下载频次】14
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